As children grow up, they’re bound to catch something; it’s purely inevitable. Not only is it a foregone certainty, but essentially human beings would not exist if mother nature does not test our defenses. Our immune systems can only develop strong if we don’t go through illnesses when we’re little. Unfortunately, children need to go through some common ailments before they can grow up with tough, reactive white blood cells. In a way, children aren’t exposed to illnesses because as parents we try to protect them as much as possible. We make every precaution we can think of and still, one day; your child will get sick. It doesn’t help that toddlers are extremely curious and often put things in their mouth to feel and chew them. Basically, parents are fighting a losing battle. However, that’s not to say you should just let them be because of course, you should wrap them up warm when they go to school in the winter. By no means necessary are your children going to go through the ebb and flow of illnesses in a linear pattern. However, there are certain illnesses which they are likely to catch, and here’s how to treat them.
Souce – Quinn Norton
The most common
Of course, everyone knows it, because it’s the bane of all humankind; the common cold. You know the drill by now; the first sign of a virus taking hold will be your children complaining of feeling hot, or suddenly they develop a sniffle. Next will be the un-mistaken noise of the dry throat cough. Before you know it, your child’s sinus will be stuffy, their nose will be running, and they’ll be sneezing regularly. Toddlers above two years old are unlike babies in the fact that they can take cough medicine, although the brand and strength should be consulted with your doctor or local nurse. Equally, warm orange juice should clear their throat, as well as closing the bedroom window at night and keeping their extremities such as hands, feet, and head covered. Although initially, they’ll feel hot, the body expends so much energy trying to fight off the virus, that the energy resources are located purely in that battle; thus their body temperature will start to dip.
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Shigellosis is a bacterial infection that attacks the digestive system. A shigellosis outbreak is mainly found in unsanitary daycare centers, and ingested through contaminated drinking water; as well as food. The bacteria releases toxins that exasperate the intestines which cause further progression of the infection. Toddlers are more likely to get it because they put their fingers in their mouths and allow bacteria into the bodies. The symptoms are watery diarrhea as well as cramping of the abdominals. Toddlers can feel nauseous, and vomiting can occur. Symptoms usually begin to surface within three days. To treat the illness, first, you need to fight off the effects of dehydration by giving your toddler plenty of fluids, especially those that have electrolytes in them. It’s best not to give your toddler some kind of medication as this will actually keep the bacteria in their system for longer. Usually, within 4-6 days, the illness should subside and pass. If it prolongs, go and see a doctor or take to the nearest hospital, although, such instances are very rare.
Pinkeye or to use the medical term, conjunctivitis, is an inflammation of the soft tissue lining the eyelids. The cause of the infection is due to contact with another person’s infected secretions, and bacteria living in the nose and ear making contact with the eye from the hands. This causes redness and sometimes yellow pus to discharge from the area. Your toddler will suffer from blurred vision and dry eyes. It’s a bacterial infection which has to be treated with antibiotics in liquid drop form. Belay your child from going to school for a couple of days. Make sure they wash their hands regularly and avoid touching their eyes as well as sharing towels, blankets, pillows at home, and the other children at the daycare center.
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If you see your child struggling to breathe, or hear them wheezing when they exhale, they may have a mucus infection in their throat. This can lead to breathing difficulties which cause their windpipe to react overly defensive and tighten and or close up. Asthma is common in toddlers because they often don’t have very thick mucus to protect them. Bacteria from mold, damp or poor quality air in the home care lead to this illness. Dust mites also play a role, because the feast on dead skin cells and their excrement causes bacteria to waft into the air. When this occurs, the germs latch onto living tissue and begin to infect the internals of the throat. To treat your child, they must see a doctor as soon as possible. He or she will prescribe your child an inhaler, only to be used in mild discomfort and or sudden attacks of breathlessness. The main thing you can do at home is to make sure their bed sheets are changed regularly and to hoover their carpet which is where most of the dust mites reside. Equally, fresh air should be circulating their bedroom, so bacteria in air particles don’t infect them further while they sleep. They should also be regularly changing their clothes, so dead skin cells aren’t allowed to pile up and fester in them.
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Ear ache is very common in toddlers, and there can be multiple causes. Swimming in dirty pools can afflict them with swimmer’s ear which is an infection of the ear canal. Pressure from the cold or even pain from the jaw can radiate itself into the ear. Your child may suffer from fever due to the proximity of the infection to the brain; the body will need to be cooled by wearing thin clothes and avoid wearing socks at home. Take your child to the doctor, and they may give you some antibiotics if the infection is in need of immediate attention. However, if you think the infection is in its early stages and can be managed, simple ear drops can fight the infection adequately.