Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic inflammation that affects not only wrists but it can also impact lungs, skin, eyes and blood vessels within the body. It is classified as an autoimmune disease; immune system attacks cells that are present in joints because it sees them as foreign cells which results in swelling, redness, stiffness and loss of function. Besides these symptoms, people who are affected by rheumatoid arthritis can be very tired and have fever. This condition can appear symmetrically meaning that if the left knee is affected, so will be the right.
As previously mentioned, this disease is characterized by inflammation (redness, heat, swelling pain) and loss of one or more connective functions within the body. It can affect joints, ligaments, bones, muscles and tendons. Some forms can even attack internal organs. There are about 100 different rheumatic conditions. Most people use term arthritis for any rheumatic disease.
Reason for development of rheumatoid arthritis is still unknown. Medical professionals from You! Drugstore believes that most people get this problem because of their genetic predisposition. Under influence of various bacteria and viruses, people sensitive to these substances are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis. However, there is still no solid evidence to corroborate this claim. Similarly, if disease is present in one child, there is 30 % chance that it will appear in other child as well. Also, stress and bad habits such as smoking can be important reasons that can lead to development of this disease. Rheumatoid arthritis usually affects women especially during first three months after giving birth to a baby. This is probably because of hormonal imbalance that happens within female body.
It is very hard to predict issues that can be created by this disease. According to medical surveys, it has been noticed that high number of patient will have some sort of invalidity within first 10 years since the disease first appeared. Usually, this result is present in two thirds of all patients. Average life expectancy for males is 7 years shorter in comparison to healthy individuals. In case of women, it is 3 years.
Luckily, with the development of medicine, we are able to treat some of the symptoms of this disease. Among various available options, Hydroxyquine is regarded as an excellent way to treat inflammation and all other issues that come with it such as swelling, redness and pain. This medicine comes in a form of tablet and it takes several weeks for it to have impact. Usual dose is 400 to 600 milligrams. Depending on patient’s response, this dosage can be tweaked. In case of good response, it is reduced to 200 to 400 milligrams. Otherwise, doctor may increase dose of Hydroxyquine.
People, who have retinopathy or those who have allergic reaction to Hydroxyquine or any of its components, shouldn’t be using it. Common side effects that may appear after using this drug are dizziness, nausea, loss of appetite, vomiting, stomach cramps or pain, skin rash, increased sensitivity to sunlight, headache, hair loss and diarrhea.